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Allama Iqbal Essay in English (Easy)
Allama Iqbal is our national poet. Allama Muhammad Iqbal” was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877. His forefathers came from Kashmir. His father Shaikh Noor Muhammad was a pious man. He passed his Intermediate examination from Murray College, Sialkot.
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Syed Mir Hassan taught him Arabic, Persian and Islamic studies. He did his M.A. in Philosophy from the Government College, Lahore. He went abroad for higher education. He had the degree of Bar-at-Law. He went to Germany and got a degree of Ph.D. He came back to his country.
He wrote many poems to awake the Muslims. The Muslims were poor, uneducated and lived in very unhappy conditions. Being the national poet and a thinker, he taught the Muslims a sense of self-respect, In 1930 at Allahbad, he gave the idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims of India.
He passed away on the 21st of April, 1938. He was buried outside the Badshahi Masjid in Lahore. Bang-e-Dara, Baal-e-Jibraeel, Zarb-e-Kaleem and Javed Nama are his famous books.
Allama Iqbal Essay in English for Class 10 & 12
Birth of Allama Iqbal:
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877 in Sialkot. He belonged to an ancient family of Kashmiri Pandits. His forefathers converted to Islam two hundred and fifty years ago and emigrated from Kashmir and settled in Sialkot. Allama Muhammad Iqbal was fortunate in that he got the opportunity to be blessed with the training of good and virtuous parents. His father Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a Sufi man. His mother Mohtarma Imam Bibi was a wise woman.
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Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s early education, like that of ordinary Muslim children, took place in the school according to the custom of the time. Then he entered Mission School Sialkot. He was intelligent from childhood. He passed the fifth class examination with a scholarship and also got a scholarship in the last grade of middle school. He also achieved a prominent position in the inter-class which was the basis for admission in the college.
Discipleship of Maulana Mir Hassan:
When he entered the Scotch Mission College, Sialkot. He had the opportunity to make regular use of Maulana Syed Mir Hassan, a very capable teacher of Arabic and Persian. Allama Muhammad Iqbal studied up to FA in Sialkot. After that, he was sent to Lahore to get higher education. Scotch Mission College was not called Murray College at the time.
Education in Lahore:
Allama Iqbal came to Lahore in 1895 and entered Government College Lahore. His subjects here were English philosophy and Arabic. In 1997 he passed the BA exam and came first in the Arabic subject and won two gold medals. At that time Professor Thomas Arnold was a famous teacher of philosophy.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal had his own tendency towards philosophy and he got the opportunity to be a student of a famous philosopher like Arnold. Allama Muhammad Iqbal took admission in MA Philosophy in 1997. After passing his MA, he started lecturing on history, philosophy and politics at Oriental College, Lahore.
Read: Allama Iqbal Short Essay in English for Class 2, 3, 4 and 5
Allama Muhammad Iqbal traveled to England in 1905 for higher studies in philosophy and law. He passed the barrister’s examination from the University of Cambridge and later obtained the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Munich, Germany.
He also served as a Professor of Arabic at the University of London for six months, as deputy of Professor Arnold. After that, he returned home with many academic honors and degrees. He mastered Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit and many European languages.
Return to Home from Abroad:
After completing his higher education, he decided to return home and arrived in Lahore in 1908 where he received a warm welcome. He started practicing law in Lahore and also taught philosophy for 18 months at Government College, Lahore. Because Mr. James, the college’s professor of philosophy, had died and no English teacher could be immediately appointed in his place.
Poetry of Allama Iqbal:
Before moving to Europe, his poetry was limited. He used to write poems about the nation and homeland. Most of his poetry was in Urdu. After returning from Europe, his poetry changed and he started reciting poetry mostly in Persian. His Urdu poetry became famous even before 1901. He wrote a philosophical Masnavi Israr Khudi which was published in 1915. This Masnavi became more popular in England than in India.
Professor Nicholson published an English translation of the Masnavi. In this way, the Western world became acquainted with the ideas of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Renowned critic Professor Dixon commented on the Masnavi in detail and praised it. This had a great effect on the British government and in January 1923, Allama Muhammad Iqbal was honored as “Sir”.
Ethics and Dress:
Although he was educated in English, led a pious and simple life. He spent most of his time studying. Eaten only once in 24 hours. Even during the health issues, his style was such that there was no difference in daily routine. He met his visitors with the same smile and warmth as he had in health.
He wore a kurta and shalwar in the early days. He wore a white turban or a loincloth. However, when he went to Europe, he had to wear English clothes. When he returned, he usually wore a Turkish hat with a shalwar kameez and a coat. Sometimes he wore a coat and trousers. By the way, he did not like English clothes.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was against the political disintegration of patriotism. Patriotism was ingrained in him. He was very attached to his homeland and this is a natural passion. His homeland was Kashmir. He expressed his love for Kashmir in various ways. He was also the secretary of several Kashmiri associations
The love of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him):
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a figure of non-Islamic. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) could not tolerate the slightest disrespect to Islam and the greats of Islam. The love of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was embedded in their veins and fibers. Had Allama Sarwar Kainat (peace be upon him) been mentioned, Allama Iqbal’s tears would have flowed. In his words, devotion to the person of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is expressed.
Death of Allama Iqbal
He died on 21 April 1938 and was buried near the main gate of Badshahi Mosque Lahore.
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